Effective Patient-Provider Communication For Newly Diagnosed Patients In A Primary Care Setting: A Quantitative Study
Keywords:patient - provider, effective communication
Ralston Lockett, BSN, RN - FNP Student
Myra Michelle DeBose, PhD, MSN, MSEd, RN - Faculty Advisor
Prairie View A & M University - College of Nursing - Graduate Program - Houston, TX
Background: There are newly diagnosed patients in primary care settings with depressive symptomsdue to lack of communication from providers. The aim of this proposed study is to assess newlydiagnosed patients who may express depressive symptomology. Establishing a sound relationshipbetween patients and providers is essential for a trusting relationship. Patient-centeredcommunication increases better health outcomes in primary care settings. There is reason to believethat missed opportunities between patient-providers can decrease patient compliance and increasedepression.
Research Hypothesis: Newly diagnosed patients that receive effective provider communication willhave a decrease in depressive symptoms as compared to newly diagnosed patients who do not receiveeffective communication.
Methodology: This study uses a longitudinal, quasi-experimental research design, conveniencesampling. Up to 80 newly diagnosed patients who did not receive effective communication will beevaluated for approximately six months. The primary setting will be 2 urban area clinics in Houston,Texas. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), will be used within 30 days afterthe initial healthcare provider visit to assess depressive symptoms.
Results: Depressive symptoms will be measured using the (CES-D) assessment tool of 20 – items. Thetool assesses how frequently an individual experienced depressive symptoms within a week. Inaddition, a 45 min post visit survey regarding provider communication will be sent after 30 days.Sample analysis will include diagnosis and literacy level. Participants will be asked to identify preferredmethods of communicating with their provider.
Significance: There is a correlation between depressive symptoms and lack of effective communicationwith patients in a primary care setting. Poor identification of patient’s mental health status andengagement in plan of care can lead to poor patient health outcomes, increase health care costs, anddisparities to under-privilege communities.
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