A Study on Improving the Experience of Space Tourists Through Biophilic Design
Keywords:Biophilic design, Space tourism, Biophilia, Space travel, Future
With private space companies seeking to send tourists into space in the near future, meeting the needs and demands of future space tourists will become a primary concern. The human factors of space tourism are investigated in tandem with the effects of biophilia. Thus, this dissertation is a study on improving the experience of space tourists through biophilic design.
A combination of primary and secondary research methods are carried out; the former consists of literature reviews and case studies, while interviews and surveys were conducted for the latter. Interviews were conducted with individuals who had their freedom of movements curtailed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. Their experiences of living in a confined environment for an extended period of time would be similar to those of future space tourists.
After analysing the results of the research, it is determined that the potential customers of space tourism are compatible with biophilic designs. In addition, these biophilic elements would have to be multisensory in nature to address the monotony faced by space tourists. Furthermore, it is shown that science fiction shapes the perception of space tourism. The forms of these biophilic designs should be informed by science fiction in order to reduce the gap between expectations and reality. Last but not least, space tourism has the potential to reduce alienation between humans and the biodiversity of Earth. This can be achieved through careful design and prioritization of the Earth-viewing experience, thereby maximizing the positive effects of “the overview effect.”
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